Cryolipolysis is a new procedure involving local cooling of subcutaneous fat tissue in order to reduce it. The treatment is taking more and more aesthetic medicine clinics by storm and is called a revolutionary, non-invasive method of removing small local fat accumulations and treating inequities.
Already in the 1970s, therapeutic possibilities of causing apoptosis (programmed cell death) in tissues using low temperatures were researched. Different methods of freezing are now standard in many areas of medicine. However, it was only in the second decade of the 21st century that the method of minimally invasive cold application within the subcutaneous adipose tissue was developed.
This method, called cryolipolysis, causes changes within the adipocytes (fat cells) leading to their death and, consequently, to reducing the volume of a certain fragment of subcutaneous fat. At the same time, all other important structures within the subcutaneous tissue, such as blood vessels and nerves, remain virtually intact. The results of the study confirm that even after 1 treatment session you can get up to 25% reduction in the thickness of the area subjected to the treatment measured with the so-called “Caliper”.
This procedure can be used to remove small fat accumulation, not requiring the liposuction procedure yet , and as a method of treating inequities remaining, for example after injuries or other treatments. It is difficult to determine the number and duration of the sessions before achieving the desired effect, because depending on the exact structure of the tissue, slightly different in each of us, fat can react differently. In some patients the effect will be slightly more intense than in others. The time of the procedure can be adjusted as precisely as possible individually to each patient, and its essence is sucking the skin covered with special anti-freeze membrane between 2 metal cooling plates of the vacuum head of the device.
This results in the removal of almost all heat energy from fat cells, initiating changes so strong that it causes cells death, and their content is gradually removed by physiological metabolic pathways, which is why you have to wait up to 4-6 weeks for the final effect. Removal of damaged cells leftovers is associated with liver burden, therefore people with diseases of this organ should be properly examined and consult a physician.
Who should not undergo cryolipolysis treatment:
• pregnant women;
• breastfeeding women;
• suffering from diabetes;
• people with low blood pressure or poorly responsive to cold;
• people with liver disease;
• people with a pacemaker or other medically implanted device;
• people suffering from Raynaud’s disease, cryoglobulinaemia, hypoproteinemia
The method is non-invasive, but it does not mean that it is free of side effects such as swelling and redness, which usually disappear within a dozen or so hours after the procedure. Some patients may get bruises after the procedure, which will eventually be absorbed after about a week. It should also be remembered that sensory disorders (hypo and hypersensitivity) lasting up to several days may occur within the treated skin.
One may wonder whether, due to the non-invasive nature, this method is not better than the liposuction. However, it should be borne in mind that it has a very limited, especially compared to VASER, effectiveness and its exclusive use in the vast majority of cases will not bring the expected result, and for the appearance of visible effects you have to wait for long weeks, while with liposuction they are visible immediately after the procedure.
In our work, we are guided primarily by the good of patients and the desire to improve their quality of life.